Anatoly Karpov (b.1951,) fully Anatoli Yevgenevich Karpov, is a Russian chess player and world chess champion 1975–85, 1993–1999. He dominated world competition from the mid-1970s to the mid-1980s.
Born in Zlatoust, in the Urals, Karpov received early chess tuition from former world champion Mikhail Botvinnik and won the 1969 world junior championship. In 1975, Karpov became world champion by default after Bobby Fischer failed to play.
Karpov successfully defended his title against Victor Korchnoi (1978, 1981.) In 1985, Garry Kasparov defeated Karpov. Karpov suffered further defeats against Kasparov (1986, 1987, 1990) before Kasparov formed his own Professional Chess Association (PCA) federation and forfeited the Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) title to Karpov.
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