Charlotte Brontë (1816–55) was an English novelist and poet. Her writings initially appeared under the male alias Currer Bell. Charlotte was one of a troika of Brontë sisters whose writings introduced some of the most captivating individuals in the history of the novel.
Charlotte, along with her sisters Emily Brontë and Anne Brontë, grew up in the genteel poverty in the desolate Yorkshire village of Haworth, and had limited experience of the outside world. The early death of their mother and their two older sisters drove the remaining children into an intense and private intimacy. Each sister went on to transform great personal adversity into distinctive artistic visions of passionate emotional engagement that few other authors can match.
Charlotte’s four novels, The Professor (1846,) Jane Eyre (1847,) Shirley (1849,) and Villette (1853,) are works of remarkable passion and imagination. Jane Eyre, her best-known novel, tells the story of a plain and impoverished orphan governess who falls in love with her troubled—and married—employer. Brontë portrayed the struggle of the individual to maintain personal integrity with a dramatic intensity entirely new to English fiction.