Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888–1975) was an Indian academic philosopher. He was also an influential political figure—he served as vice-president (1952–62) and then president (1962–67) of India.
Born in Thiruttani near present-day Chennai, Radhakrishnan was educated in Christian-run establishments. He taught philosophy at the Mysore and Calcutta universities, and became the first Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University (1936–39), where he had previously taught comparative religion.
Radhakrishnan is universally recognized as one of India’s foremost ambassadors of Indian philosophy, religion, and culture throughout the East and the West. His works such as Indian Philosophy (1923–27,) The Philosophy of the Upanishads (1924), The Hindu View of Life (1927,) An Idealist View of Life (1929,) Eastern Religions and Western Thought (1939,) Religion and Society (1947), The Bhagavadgîtâ (1948), The Principal Upanishads (1953), and Indian Religions (1979) introduced classical Indian philosophy (the Advaita Vedânta) to the West. Simultaneously, he attempted to present elements of Western idealism into contemporary Indian philosophy.
As a philosopher, Radhakrishnan was a prolific critic of all forms of exclusiveness, dogmatism, and intolerance.
It is not God that is worshipped but the group or authority that claims to speak in His name. Sin becomes disobedience to authority not violation of integrity.